Octopus Stew with Mrs Aggela (Oxtapodi Stifado)

about 30 minutes
about 1.5 hours
Makes 6 servings

1600g defrosted frozen octopus
2 grated tomatoes
35g tomato paste
1 tsp sugar
2 chopped onions
3 tbs olive oil
3 tbs vegetable oil
1 cup dry red wine
3 tbs white malt vinegar
1/2 cinnamon stick
6-7 cloves
1 large bay leaf
salt & pepper to taste (you may not need to add salt as the octopus is so salty)

1. Leave the octopus to defrost for about 12 hours before preparing. Wash the octopus and remove any leftover innards.

2. In a small bowl, mix together the grated tomatoes, tomato paste and sugar. Set to the side.

3. Add the octopus to a large pan. Cover the octopus with water – just enough to cover it. Do not add salt to the water. Boil the octopus with the lid on top for about 30 minutes, until the liquid turns purple.

4. Discard the water, but keep 3 cups of the liquid.

5. Place the pan with the octopus back onto the stove on medium heat. Add onions, olive oil, vegetable oil, red wine, vinegar, cinnamon, cloves, bay leaf and tomato mixture.

6. Once the mixture begins to boil, reduce it to a simmer, and add 2 cups of the remaining water from when the octopus was first boiled.

7. Simmer for about 1 hour, until the liquid is reduced and the octopus absorbs the oil and liquid. (Keep the 3rd cup of octopus water to the side and add it to the mixture if it appears to get too dry.)

I have my grandma’s hands. I can tell because they are very small and the wrinkles show more. I remember noticing that about her hands when I was a kid. That they were small and wrinkly. We would visit my grandma every other summer in her village in Pafos, Cyprus called “Amargeti” for at least two weeks. My sister was always bored. But I liked the village.

I would play with the goats a lot. It was like a personal petting zoo. At that age, I didn’t think beyond that. I didn’t think about how my grandma’s life must have been hard. Nor did I think it might be nice to learn how to make my grandma’s recipes. The truth is, I don’t think anyone was particularly concerned with learning how to preserve traditional recipes twenty-five years ago. Back then, leaving the “village life” behind was considered a huge improvement. And it was. I mean, my Grandma’s village had one phone. In the town square. A random person would answer and literally have to run around the village to find my grandma so we could speak with her.  So I can understand why people were trying to actively distance themselves from the old ways.

Naturally, when people moved to the cities they led different lives. They were busier, had different priorities and would buy – instead of make – the traditional products that their parents used to make. It was easier. It was a change for the better. I understand this.

But I have noticed recently – perhaps because of the recession or maybe because people are paying more attention to what they are eating since the quality of traditional products in the stores sometimes lacks that “homemade” touch – there is now an emerging re-interest in learning how to make traditional foods. I certainly want to preserve how to make these traditional foods, it’s one reason why I began the blog. And while I enjoy learning how to make the traditional recipes and photographing the dishes I now know how to make myself, I have not forgotten my inspiration for all of this. It comes from the very dishes that people like my grandma use to make, and my aunts still make.

It is with that in mind that I began asking my friends, friends of friends if they knew someone from the older generation who made a traditional Cypriot dish who would be willing to share their recipe with Afrodite’s Kitchen. Auntie Evri’s incredible “loukoumades”, Grandma Despina’s fantastic “palouze” – that sort of thing.

Today we meet Mrs Aggela. She was 73 years old when I wrote this post, about 6 years ago, and cooked for her children and grandchildren after she goes to church in the morning.  She was kind enough to invite me to her wonderful home to watch her make lunch. It was fasting season so she was preparing an Octopus stew, it was sort of a cross between Octopus in wine sauce (Octopus “krassato”) and Octopus with onions and vinegar (Octopos “stifado”), but I think the spices and ingredients happen to be closer to “stifado” so I will call it that. It happens to be one of her family’s favourite dishes.

She prepares it in a traditional way, but without onions as her daughter does not like them! Having said that, she did recommend to me that when I make it I should add two onions, so the recipe below is with the addition of onions. I tasted the dish though and I must say, it tasted great without onions anyway! The spices really give it flavour so that you don’t miss the onions. Thank you Mrs Aggela for sharing your wonderful recipe with Aφrodite’s Kitchen.

If you have an older relative who makes an incredible dish, please let me know about them by email. When I return to Cyprus next October, I am working on a project and would love the opportunity to feature Cypriot’s wonderful cooks and recipes.

Who: Mrs Aggela (originally from Lofou)
Age: 73 & young at heart
Dish: Makes a delicious octopus stew (oxtapodi “stifado” or οχταπόδι στιφάδο)


    1. Hi Magda! I just read your recipe – gorgeous, I loved it! It really takes out any intimidation that one might have in cooking with octopus – your instructions are fantastic! Mrs. Aggela actually said that letting the octopus defrost was a trick to helping it become tender when she cooked it, which I thought was something I might have misunderstood, but I think this is the truth having read your tip about freezing the opctopus too! … I am now hungry for octopus … and I have already eaten dinner! (Chicken fajitas tonight!) xx

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Cyprus Cuisine

“Cyprus Cuisine”, published by Whitecap Books in 2021, is now available for purchase. Christina Loucas shares over 80 recipes that showcase the very best of Cypriot cooking.

Cyprus Cuisine